Land Speed Records 1898-2002

The information below is for self-propelled wheeled vehicles travelling over open ground. As such, it does not include records set by vehicles travelling on rails or motorized sleds over frozen lakes.

Additionally, the records below do not distinguish between different recognized classes of the land speed record, such as top speed for a motorcycle (333.117 mph), top speed for a steam-driven vehicle (145.607), or other top speeds that are not absolutes.

These are average speeds over the given distance. Two figures are given, one for the speed measured over a kilometre long course, and one for a mile long course. The speeds given are in miles per hour. The country field refers to the driver's nationality. Early records were not set according to clearly defined rules and thus some of them are controversial.

Disputed records are on a yellow background.

THIS TABLE IS A WORK IN PROGRESS most of the information is accurate but don't consider it as an absolute reference.

Date Location Driver Driver Country Vehicle Power Km Speed Mile Speed Comments
15/10/1997 Black Rock Desert, USA Andy Green Great Britain ThrustSSC Turbofan 760.343 mph (1223.65 km/h) 763.035 mph (1227.99 km/h) First supersonic record (Mach 1.016)
25/09/1997 Black Rock Desert, USA Andy Green Great Britain ThrustSSC Turbofan 713.496 mph (1148.26 km/h) 714.144 mph (1149.30 km/h)  
4/10/1983 Black Rock Desert, USA Richard Noble Great Britain Thrust2 Turbojet   633.468 mph (1019.47 km/h)  
17/12/1979 Edwards AFB, USA Stan Barrett USA Budweiser Rocket Rocket     Questionable supersonic top speed claim not officially recognized due to non-standard measurements and doubted by many experts.
23/10/1970 Bonneville Salt Flats, USA Gary Gabelich USA Blue Flame Rocket 630.389 mph (1014.52 km/h) 622.407 mph (1001.67 km/h) First record over 1000km/h
15/11/1965 Bonneville Salt Flats, USA Craig Breedlove USA Spirit of America - Sonic 1 Turbojet 600.842 mph (966.961 km/h) 600.601 mph (966.574 km/h)  
07/11/1965 Bonneville Salt Flats, USA Art Arfons USA The Green Monster Turbojet 572.546 mph (921.423 km/h) 576.553 mph (927.872 km/h)  
02/11/1965 Bonneville Salt Flats, USA Craig Breedlove USA Spirit of America - Sonic 1 Turbojet 555.485 mph (893.966 km/h) 555.485 mph (893.966 km/h)  
27/10/1964 Bonneville Salt Flats, USA Art Arfons USA The Green Monster Turbojet 544.134 mph (875.699 km/h) 536.710 mph (863.791 km/h)  
15/10/1964 Bonneville Salt Flats, USA Craig Breedlove USA Spirit of America - Sonic 1 Turbojet   526.277 mph (846.861 km/h)  
13/10/1964 Bonneville Salt Flats, USA Craig Breedlove USA Spirit of America - Sonic 1 Turbojet   468.719 mph (754.330 km/h)  
07/10/1964 Bonneville Salt Flats, USA Art Arfons USA The Green Monster Turbojet 434.356 mph (665.231 km/h) 434.022 mph (664.694 km/h)  
05/10/1964 Bonneville Salt Flats, USA Tom Green USA Wingfoot Express Turbojet 415.093 mph (668.027 km/h) 413.199 mph (664.979 km/h)  
05/09/1963 Bonneville Salt Flats, USA Craig Breedlove USA Spirit of America Turbojet 408.312 mph (657.114 km/h) 407.447 mph (655.722 km/h) Ratified by FIM as vehicle has 3 wheels
16/09/1947 Bonneville Salt Flats, USA John Cobb Great Britain Railton 'Mobil' Special IC 393.82 mph (633.79 km/h) 394.19 mph (634.39 km/h) First one-way over 400mph
23/08/1939 Bonneville Salt Flats, USA John Cobb Great Britain Railton IC 369.74 mph (595.04 km/h) 367.91 mph (592.09 km/h) Last record set in Utah
16/09/1938 Bonneville Salt Flats, USA George E. T. Eyston Great Britain Thunderbolt IC 357.33 mph (575.07 km/h) 357.49 mph (575.32 km/h)  
15/09/1938 Bonneville Salt Flats, USA John Cobb Great Britain Railton IC 350.06 mph (563.37 km/h) 350.19 mph (563.58 km/h)  
27/08/1938 Bonneville Salt Flats, USA George E. T. Eyston Great Britain Thunderbolt IC 345.20 mph (555.55 km/h) 345.48 mph (556.00 km/h)  
19/11/1937 Bonneville Salt Flats, USA George E. T. Eyston Great Britain Thunderbolt IC 312.00 mph (502.11 km/h) 311.41 mph (501.17 km/h)  
03/09/1935 Bonneville Salt Flats, USA Malcolm Campbell Great Britain Campbell Rolls-Royce Railton Blue Bird IC   301.129 mph (484.620 km/h)  
07/03/1935 Daytona Beach, USA Malcolm Campbell Great Britain Campbell Rolls-Royce Railton Blue Bird IC 276.16 mph (444.44 km/h) 276.71 mph (445.32 km/h) Last record set on a beach
22/02/1933 Daytona Beach, USA Malcolm Campbell Great Britain Campbell Rolls-Royce Railton Blue Bird IC 272.46 mph (438.48 km/h) 272.10 mph (437.90 km/h)  
24/02/1932 Daytona Beach, USA Malcolm Campbell Great Britain Campbell Napier Railton Blue Bird IC 251.34 mph (404.49 km/h) 253.96 mph (408.71 km/h)  
05/02/1931 Daytona Beach, USA Malcolm Campbell Great Britain Campbell Napier Railton Blue Bird IC 246.08 mph (396.03 km/h) 245.73 mph (395.46 km/h)  
11/03/1929 Daytona Beach, USA Henry Segrave Great Britain Irving-Napier Golden Arrow IC 231.56 mph (372.66 km/h) 231.36 mph (372.34 km/h)  
22/04/1928 Daytona Beach, USA Ray Keech USA White Triplex Spirit of Elkdom IC   207.55 mph (334.02 km/h)  
19/02/1928 Daytona Beach, USA Malcolm Campbell Great Britain Campbell Napier Blue Bird IC   206.95 mph (333.05 km/h)  
29/03/1927 Daytona Beach, USA Henry Seagrave Great Britain 100hp Sunbeam 'Slug' IC 202.98 mph (326.66 km/h) 203.79 mph (327.97 km/h)  
04/02/1927 Pendine Sands, Wales Malcolm Campbell Great Britain Campbell Napier Blue Bird IC 174.88 mph (281.44 km/h) 174.22 mph (280.38 km/h) Last record set in Europe
28/04/1926 Pendine Sands, Wales J. G. Parry-Thomas Great Britain Higham-Thomas Special Babs IC 171.01 mph (273.60 km/h) 170.62 mph (274.59 km/h)  
27/04/1926 Pendine Sands, Wales J. G. Parry-Thomas Great Britain Higham-Thomas Special Babs IC 169.29 mph (272.45 km/h) 168.07 mph (270.48 km/h)  
21/03/1926 Southport, Great Britain Henry Segrave Great Britain 4 Litre Sunbeam Ladybird IC 152.30 mph (245.10 km/h) 149.32 mph (240.31 km/h)  
21/07/1925 Pendine Sands, Wales Malcolm Campbell Great Britain 350hp Sunbeam Blue Bird IC 150.86 mph (242.79 km/h) 150.76 mph (242.62 km/h)  
25/09/1924 Pendine Sands, Wales Malcolm Campbell Great Britain 350hp Sunbeam Blue Bird IC 146.15 mph (235.21 km/h) 146.16 mph (235.22 km/h)  
12/07/1924 Arpajon, France Ernest A. D. Eldridge Great Britain FIAT Special Mephistopeles II IC 146.01 mph (234.98 km/h) 145.89 mph (234.79 km/h) Last record set on a public road
06/07/1924 Arpajon, France René Thomas France Delage La Torpille IC 143.21 mph (230.47 km/h) 143.31 mph (230.64 km/h)  
17/05/1922 Brooklands, Great Britain Kenelm Lee Guinness Great Britain 350hp Sunbeam IC 133.70 mph (215.17 km/h) 129.17 mph (207.88 km/h) Last record set on a closed course
12/02/1919 Daytona Beach, USA Ralph de Plama USA Packard 905 IC 149.875 mph (241.200 km/h)   Recognized in the USA, not recognized by the AIACR
24/06/1914 Brooklands, Great Britain L. G. Hornstead Great Britain 200hp Benz No 3 IC   124.09 mph (199.70 km/h) First 2-way record
06/11/1909 Brooklands, Great Britain Victor Héméry France 200hp Benz No 1 IC 125.94 mph (202.68 km/h) 115.93 mph (186.57 km/h)  
24/01/1907 Ormond Beach, Florida Glenn Curtiss USA Curtiss V8 40hp (30kW) motorcycle IC   136.27 mph (219.31 km/h)  
26/01/1906 Daytona Beach, USA Fred H. Marchriott USA Stanley Steamer Steam 121.57 mph (195.65 km/h)    
30/12/1905 Arles, France Victor Héméry France Darracq V8 Special IC 108.58 mph (174.74 km/h)    
24/01/1905 Daytona Beach, USA Arthur MacDonald France Napier 6 IC 104.65 mph (168.42 km/h)    
13/11/1904 Ostend, Belgium Paul Baras France Darracq Gordon Bennett IC 104.53 mph (168.22 km/h)    
21/07/1904 Ostend, Belgium Louis Rigolly France Gobron Brillié Gordon Bennett IC 103.56 mph (166.66 km/h)    
25/05/1904 Ostend, Belgium Pierre de Caters Belgium Mercedes Simplex 90 IC 97.25 mph (156.50 km/h)    
31/03/1904 Nice, France Louis Rigolly France Gobron Brillié Paris-Madrid IC 94.78 mph (152.53 km/h)    
31/03/1904 Nice, France Arthur Duray Belgium Gobron Brillié Paris-Madrid IC 88.76 mph (142.85 km/h)    
12/01/1904 Lake St. Clair, USA Henry Ford USA Ford Arrow IC   91.37 mph (147.05 km/h)  
05/11/1903 Dourdan, France Arthur Duray Belgium Gobron Brillié Paris-Madrid IC 84.73 mph (136.36 km/h)    
17/07/1903 Ostend, Belgium Arthur Duray Belgium Gobron Brillié Paris-Madrid IC 83.46 mph (134.32 km/h)    
17/11/1902 Dourdan, France M. Augières France Mors Z Paris-Vienne IC 77.13 mph (124.13 km/h)    
05/11/1902 Dourdan, France Henri Fournier France Mors Z Paris-Vienne IC 76.60 mph (123.28 km/h)    
05/11/1902 Ablis, France William K. Vanderbilt USA Mors Z Paris-Vienne IC 76.08mph (122.44 km/h)    
13/04/1902 Nice, France Leon Serpollet France Gardner-Serpollet Oeuf de Pacques Steam 75.06 mph (120.80 km/h)    
29/04/1899 Achères, France Camille Jenatzy Belgium CITA No 25 La Jamais Contente Electric 65.79 mph (105.88 km/h)   First record over 100km/h
04/03/1899 Achères, France Gaston de Chasseloup-Laubat France Jeantaud Duc Profilée Electric 57.65 mph (92.78 km/h)    
27/01/1899 Achères, France Camille Jenatzy Belgium CGA Dogcart Electric 49.93 mph (80.35 km/h)    
17/01/1899 Achères, France Gaston de Chasseloup-Laubat France Jeantaud Duc Electric 43.69 mph (70.31 km/h)    
17/01/1899 Achères, France Camille Jenatzy Belgium CGA Dogcart Electric 41.42 mph (66.66 km/h)    
18/12/1898 Achères, France Gaston de Chasseloup-Laubat France Jeantaud Duc Electric 39.24 mph (63.15 km/h)    

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